SALTWATER BAIT FISHING

SALTWATER BAIT FISHING

All about Fishing with Bait:

Welcome to Saltwater Bait Fishing, we aim to bring you everything that you need toCANON EOS-REBEL T6 DSLR CAMERA BUNDLE know about Saltwater Bait Fishing in order to become a Professional Fisherman! For info on where to find Good Spots to Fish, go to “How to Read the Water”

Everything that you need to know in order to get you more fish!
What you will learn:

What bait to use – Where to find bait – How to harvest bait – What fish you can catch – Where to catch fish – What fish eat – How to catch fish – Fish identification and their uses.

Collecting your own Bait:

Bait Permit

Firstly it is very important for all anglers to obtain a fishing permit from the localSWELLPRO SPLASH FISHING DRONE 3+PL2 post office, not only to avoid prosecution but also to aid the Parks board and other environmental offices in keeping our resources fruitful.

There are a number of permits available. You may obtain one or all of them as required.

  • Angling – the use of fishing rods – 10 fish in total per person per day only.
  • Spearfishing – a means of hunting fish underwater with a spear.
  • Cast net – a means to catch live bait.
  • Rock lobster or Crayfish- per day.
  • Mud crab or sand prawn –50 per day
  • Mollusks – octopus, squid 20, worms.
  • Prawns – 50 per day
  • Hoop net – glassies no limit and squid 20 per person per day
  • Mussels – 30 per day
  • Oysters – 25 per day

Bag limits and sizes not indicated above are available in the Recreational Fishing Information Brochure, available from the post office or tackle shop. Also, the above permits are only a guideline as they are subject to change occasionally!

It is very important for every fisherman to have their permits and an Information Brochure in their tackle boxes at all times. A great way to protect them from damage is to laminate them, alternatively, keep them in a ziplock bag.

 

Live-Bait or Whole fish Bait

DEAD BAIT PRESENTATION WITH A SKIRT

One can catch live bait by means of a small Rod(Light tackle) and some bait or by means of a cast net.SALTWATER 5000 METAL SPOOL BAITCASTER

With the Light tackle option, one can target Karenteen, Pinky, Shad or mullet.

 

Cast Net:

There are quite a few ways to throw a cast net, but I will describe the two that work for me:

Technique 1
  • Secure the casting rope to your wrist, take up the rope in big loose loops in your hand.

TAKE UP THE ROPE IN LOOSE COILS

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Place the neck of the net into the same hand.

PLACE THE NECK OF THE NET INTO HAND

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Take the net one quarter down from the neck; lift it up into your hand that is holding the neck.

TAKE UP 1/4 OF THE NET INTO HAND

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Take hold of the weights at the bottom of the skirt and lift up, place them in your hand.

TAKE UP THE WEIGHTS AND PLACE THEM INTO HAND

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Take hold of the skirt again, stretch it open. Turn and swing the net overFISHING TACKLE BAG, ROD POUCH, WATER BOTTLE, MULTI-POCKET SHOULDER BAG the other shoulder, it will flair open, let everything go and it will land in the water.
  • Now pull on the rope, the net will close, trapping fish inside. Pull it in.
This technique is useful when you are standing in the water.
Technique 2
  • Secure the casting rope to your wrist, take up the rope in big loose loops in your hand.
  • Place the neck or the net into the same hand.
  • Spread the net out on the ground in a circular motion to form a half-moon.

SPREAD THE NET OUT IN A CIRCULAR MOTION TO FORM A HALF MOON

 

 

 

 

 

  • Take hold of the weights at the bottom of the skirt and lift up, place them in your hand.

TAKE HOLD OF THE WEIGHTS, LIFT UP AND PLACE THEM IN HAND

 

 

 

 

 

  • With your free hand take hold of the weights as far down as you can and stretch the net open.MAGIC SPIN CAST NET 3.3M NYLON
  • Turn around, one full turn or a one and one-half turn, whatever it takes for the net to flair. You will feel the net as it becomes airborne. Make sure you are facing the water when you decide to let go.
  • Pull, on the rope, the net will close, trapping fish inside. Pull it in.
This technique works well when you are standing on level ground.

Be sure to extend your rope, for this technique because you will be casting a long distance with maximum flair.

With the cast net, you will target Carenteen, Pinky, Razor belly, Glassie, Sardine or mullet.

 


Bait Collection

Sea-Lice / Mole Crab / Sand Crab (Hippidae)

SEA-LICE / MOLE CRABSea-lice can be found in the sand after the shore break when the water rushes up over the sand and on to the beach. They can be caught just about anywhere but, they seem to be more available near rocks.

There are a few species that will eat Sea-lice but, it is best for targeting Pompano! Some people use their hands to dig them out of the sand, but that is some really hard work.

A net for the capture of sea-lice can be made and is a whole lot easier than digging.

SEA-LICE / MOLE CRABPlease check your brochure or google to verify the legal specs, Ie: overall size and mesh size before building a net and also when netting check up on bag limit. You can have your bait within 15 to 30 min all assuming the lice are in the area.

One runs down just before the water recedes, place the net flat on the ground and move your feet in a fast “windscreen wiper” motion in order to filter the sand through the mesh. Lift up and see the beautiful bait in your net!

Cracker Shrimp/Mud Prawn (Pestarella)

Cracker Shrimp/Mud Prawn are found on the sandbanks of Rivers, Canals, Lagoons, Lakes, and Harbors when the water is receding or at low tide.FISHING VEST BACKPACK, CHEST BAG COMBO, ADJUSTABLE

CRACKER SHRIMP / MUD PRAWNYou will see hundreds of small holes in the sand, this is where you will pump. One will need to make or purchase a special pump to use in order to get the Crackers from their holes. All fish love them but, they are excellent for targeting Grunter.

Place the cracker pump over one of the holes and suck up the sand, blow it out into the water. Repeat this a few times then look for swimmers. If there is no water nearby, then blow the pump out over the sand and sift through it with your fingers in order to reveal the Crackers. Check up on the bag limit.

Mussels:
Black Mussel (Choromytilus Meridionalis)

Mussels are not only great to eat but, also excellent bait for targetting reef fish.

BLACK MUSSELSIn order to harvest mussels, one has to walk out on the rocks to where there are pools or an in and outflow of water.

Here you will find the mussels clinging to the rocks. Keep an eye on the water at all times while harvesting.

Some people use a knife to loosen the mussels, please note there are specs. for the size of the knife allowed for harvesting.

I personally am happy to harvest them with my hands, just give them a good twist and they will come free.

Be very careful not to cut your hands on the rocks when harvesting or use a glove for your safety. Check up on the bag limit.

White Mussel  / Sand Mussel (Choromytilus)

White mussels can be collected much in the same manner as sea lice, by hand or by net in the recedingWHITE MUSSEL water on the beach.

These are bivalves which are two shells on a hinge; pry the shells apart with a knife to reveal the smelly flesh inside.

These are used to target almost any fish; theyNEOPRENE ROCK FISHING, WADING NON SLIP SHOES are a favorite although not always available. White mussels are excellent bait for targetting reef fish.

Rock Bait / Red Bait / Rooiaas (Pyura Stolonifera)

Redbait is an excellent bait for targetting reef fish. It is found in pods, clinging to the rocks in rock pools. One can recognize their whereabouts by the squirting out of a jet of water from the pod as the water recedes.

RED BAIT / ROCK BAITThese pods are black in color but, are normally always covered in seaweed and therefore not easy to find until one is used to harvesting them. With them living in pools, it is necessary to get a little wet in order to harvest them. If there is not a continual rush of water over the area then you are not going to find them there!

Harvesting is done, using a knife to cut the pod open and then running one finger in a circular motion through the pod to remove the red bait. Check up on knife specs & bag limits.

Crayfish / Kreef / Tropical Rock Lobster (Panulirus Ornatus)

Crayfish are caught, usually by snorkeling on inshore reefs in water, of 2m to 5m.

CRAYFISHThey can be bought at some bait shops. You may also try asking a diver to help you get one if you don’t dive yourself. You never know, you might just get lucky!

The fleshy white meat inside the tail shell is excellent bait when targeting Kingfish, Mussel cracker, Rockcod, Bronze bream, Stumpnose, and Grunter.

It can be cut into strips, in half or fished whole.

Be sure to secure it well with cotton.

Squid / Chokka / Calamari (Loligo Reynaudii)

Squid can be caught with a Squid jig from a boat. It is always available in all the bait shops and some supermarkets.8 STRAND DYNEEMA PE CASTING BRAID 500M 10 TO 300Lb

SQUID / CHOKKA, GREAT BAITYou must be sure to remove the purple outer skin from the squid and this can easily be done by rubbing it with beach sand.

Also, remove the transparent cartilage (backbone) from the inside of the squid.

Tenderize the squid with a mallet or knife handle before use.

This procedure also brings out the natural squid / chokka odor.

Most fish will feed on squid. Chokka is a favorite for Stumpnose, Steenbras and Salmon / Kob!

Cut it into strips or use it whole. Make it look as lifelike as possible.

 Common Prawn / Indian Prawn (Fenneropenaeus Indicus)

Prawns can be caught in Rivers, Lakes, Estuaries, and Harbors, in and under rocks, in weed beds and on sandbanks.

PRAWNThey are collected by means of a Scoop net or a net pushed along the bottom, they are also occasionally caught in a cast net They are more abundant in the shallows at night.

They are readily available in all bait shops and are excellent bait for most fish.

The fish that favor prawns are: Grunter, Steenbras, Pompano, Stumpnose, Tripletail / Labotus, Rockod, and Kingfish.

They are excellent fished live when freshly caught.

Octopus (Octopus Vulgaris)

Octopus can be collected in holes, crevices and between rocks in poolsFOOTBALL JIG MOULD 13, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40g and gullies at low tide. Use a strong wire hook to pull them from their holes.

OCTOPUSSThey are quite tough and make excellent bait, for use when there are too many small fish around and you find it impossible to keep a bait on your hook.

You will need to skin them and this is easily done by rubbing them with sand and using your fingernails to pull pieces of skin off.

You must also remember to tenderize this bait with a mallet or knife handle.

This bait is good for most fish, but excellent for targeting: Mussel cracker, Stumpnose, Salmon and Steenbras.

It can be bought in some bait shops.

Crab (Ocypodinae)

Crabs can be collected on the beach, in rock pools or under rocks; they are not easy to catch. They do however make good bait.

SWIMMING CRAB, GOOD BAIT

They are also difficult to rig on the hook. I find swimming crab to be easier as they have a softer shell.

With crab, you will target Tripletail, Steenbras, Stumpnose, Pompano, Kingfish and Mussel cracker.

Fished live or dead, whole or pieces.

 


Fish Species

Here we will discuss the various fish species, Their Description, where to find them, how to catch them and how they benefit us!

Remember! In order to preserve the species, all fish have a bag limit and most fish have size restrictions.GARMIN ETREX 10 GPS

There are 100’s of fish species, but I will list some of the more common ones that you are likely to encounter when fishing.

Karenteen / Streepie (Crenidens Crenidens)

Karenteen is classified as baitfish, they are silver in color with bright Yellow, almost Orange stripes running horizontally along their body. They have a small distinct Black spot at the base of their Pectoral fins.

Karenteen is known to reach a length of 300mm but is more commonly found to be between 100mm and 200mm.

Karenteen is a shoaling fish and is therefore found in rather large groups known as schools. They are always found close to structure like rocks and reefs. This structure helps to keep them safe from predators.KARENTEEN

They are preyed upon by many other bigger fish species and are a  favorite food source of both Shad and Kob.

They are saught after by fishermen for use as live and fillet bait, as well as for the table.

The best way to target Karenteen is by means of light tackle, with one or two small hooks No.10 or 12 tied above a small lead weight(sinker)

They can be caught with most baits when in a feeding frenzy, but are mostly targeted using small pieces of Chokka or Sardine or a mixture of both. Fish for them close to the rocks.

Karenteen is also occasionally caught by means of a Cast net.

Blacktail / Dassie (Diplodus Capensis)

Blacktail, as its name suggests, is Silver in color with a very distinctive, Black Saddle shaped band near its tail.

Blacktail is known to reach a length of 450mm but is more commonly found to be between 200mm and 350mm.BLACKTAIL

Blacktail is a shoaling fish and is therefore found in rather large groups known as schools. They are always found close to structure like rocks and reefs, where there is a lot of rough, turbulent, choppy, shallow white water. They also occasionally frequent the edge of sandbanks.

Rocks and Gulleys with Mussel, Oyster and Seagrass and a good inflow and outflow of water are hot spots for these fish.SAKURA DAY NIGHT VISION RUBBERISED BINOCULAR

They are preyed upon by some Gamefish and are an absolute favorite for Sharks. They are very effective as live bait when targeting Shark, although a whole dead fish will also produce Shark, chances are you could also hook into some awesome Rays and Sandsharks.

They are an excellent table fish, much sought after by most fishermen.

The best way to target Blacktail is by means of light tackle, with a single hook trace. The trace should be a no. 4 to no. 1 hook where the hook snood is twice the length of that of the sinker.

The best bait used to catch Blacktail is Sardine however, Prawn, Mussel, Red bait and Chokka are also used quite successfully.

These fish are rather greedy at times and are known to feed on artificial baits such as Flies, Small drop shot and Cranks. They can not resist a Cammo worm!

White Steenbras / Pignose Grunter (Lithognathus Lithognathus)

Steenbras is Silver in color with very distinctive Grey bars running vertically across their body, they also have a long pointed face.

Steenbras is known to reach a length of 1000mm but is more commonly found to be between 500mm and 750mm.WHITE STEENBRAS

They are found over sandbanks near rocky areas or reefs where they forage for small Crabs, Shrimp, worms, and prawns.

They are an excellent table fish, much sought after by most fishermen.

The best way to target Steenbras is by means of a no. 2 to 2/0 hook with a running sinker trace.5” RIBBED PADDLETAIL MOLD

The best bait used to catch Steenbras is Cracker Shrimp, but Crayfish, Prawn, Small Crab, and Chokka are also used quite successfully.

These fish are known to feed on artificial baits such as Flies, Small drop shot Shrimp and Worm patterns, especially Cammo worm!

Spotted Grunter (Pomadasys Commersonnii)

Spotted Grunter is Silver in color with a very distinctive, Black spot on the top of the gill cover and numerous small Black spots on the upper part of its body. Like the Steenbras, they also have a longish pointed face.SPOTTED GRUNTER

Spotted Grunter is known to reach a length of 900mm but is more commonly found to be between 300mm and 550mm.

They are found over sandbanks and near rocky areas or reefs where they forage for small Crabs, Shrimp, worms, white mussels, Sea lice, and prawns.

They are an excellent table fish, much sought after by most fishermen.

The best way to target Spotted Grunter is by means of a no. 2 to 1/0 hook with a running sinker trace.

The best bait used to catch Spotted Grunter is Cracker Shrimp, but  Prawn and Sardine are also used quite successfully.

These fish are known to feed on artificial baits such as Flies, Small drop shot Shrimp and Worm patterns, especially Cammo worm!

Cavebass / Lanternfish (Dinoperca Petersi)

The Cavebass is Dark Brown in color with White specks that fade with age.8” SMOOTH PADDLETAIL MOLD

It has big, protruding dark eyes. Fins and tail have a White edging. It has A distinct broadish dark line across the gill plate from just above the mouth towards the pectoral fin. It would seem to have 2 broadish light Whiteish lines above and below this dark line.CAVEBASS

The Cavebass is known to reach a length of 750mm. They are a solitary – territorial fish and they feed more actively at night.

They are known to live in reefs and rocky areas, in Caves and under ledges where it feeds on Shrimp, Prawn, Crabs and small fish.

To target, this fish one has to literally cast into the rocks.

The Cavebass is a good eating fish, but not often targeted as its habitat leads to120ML 4 OZ PLASTISOL INJECTOR difficult fishing conditions, although they are often caught while targeting other species.

Stumpnose (Rhabdosargus)
The Natal / White Stumpnose (Rhabdosargus Globiceps)

The Natal Stumpnose is Silver in color with faint Grey bars running vertically across their body, as the name suggests they also have a short rounded face.

NATAL STUMPNOSE

The Cape Stumpnose (Rhabdosargus Holubi)

CAPE STUMPNOSE

The Cape Stumpnose has a Yellow stripe running horizontally just below the lateral line and also faint yellow on the fins.

The Bigeye Stumpnose (Rhabdosargus Thorpei)

The Bigeye Stumpnose is Silver in color with scales that have Gold to Bronzy

BIGEYE STUMPNOSE

 centers so it appears to have Yellow lines running horizontally along its body.

Its belly, Pelvic, and Anal fins are Yellow. It has a very large eye.

All the above Stumpnose are known to reach a length of 500mm but are more commonly found to be between 300mm and 400mm.

They are found over sandbanks where they forage for Sea lice, Crabs, Shrimps, Prawns, and Crayfish. They also frequent sandy bottoms near rocks and reefs. They like rough, turbulent choppy, white water.

They are an excellent table fish, much sought after by most fishermen.

The best way to target Stumpnose is by means of a 1/0 to 3/0 hook with a5 PIECE SALTWATER SPOON 50, 70, 100g running sinker trace. The best bait used to catch Stumpnose is Sea lice and Ghost Crabs, but  Prawns, Crayfish and Sardine are also used quite successfully.

Pompano (Trachinotus)
The African Pompano (Trachinotus Africanus)

The African Pompano is Silver / Blue in color with Yellowish fins and tail.

AFRICAN POMPANO

The African Pompano has a very abruptly rounded, stubby face.

The African Pompano is known to reach a length of 1000mm but is more commonly found to be between 400mm and 750mm.

They are found over sandy bottoms near rocks and reefs where they forage for Sea lice, Crabs, Prawns, Shrimps, Bivalves and Mussels.

The Largespotted Pampano (Trachinotus Botla)

The Largespotted Pampano has very ling fins and tail that tend to become darker, almost Blackish at the ends with three to five large Black dots along the lateral line. It has a more pointed nose.

SPOTTED POMPANO

The Largespotted Pampano is known to reach a length of 750mm but is more commonly found to be between 350mm and 500mm.

Both the African Pompano and the Largespotted Pampano are found over sandy bottoms near rocks and reefs where they forage for Sea lice, Crabs, Prawns, Shrimps, Bivalves and Mussels.

They are most often encountered just behind the shore break and they are mostly single or in pairs. On the odd occasion, they have been known to shoal, generally in the spring spawn.

They are a good table fish, much sought after by some fishermen.7 PIECE SALTWATER METAL JIGS 21g

The best way to target Pampano is by means of a No.1 or 1/0 hook with a running or fixed sinker trace.

The best bait used to catch Pampano is Sea lice and Ghost Crabs, but  Prawns, Shrimps, and Sardine are also used quite successfully.

These fish are known to feed on artificial baits such as Flies, Small spoons, Jigs, Drop shot-Shrimp and Worm patterns, especially Cammo worm!

Kingfish / Jack (Caranx)

There are many different types of Kingfish, We will list some of the more common ones.

Giant Kingfish / Giant Trevally (Caranx Ignobilis)

Giant Kingfish is Silver with white towards the belly and light to dark Grey above the lateral line, does go very Black in the mature adult. It has scutes on the lateral line near the tail, they become Blackish towards the center.GIANT KINGFISH

They have no scales on the Chest area or Belly only a small patch of scales in the Pelvic area.

The Giant Kingfish is known to reach a length of 1600mm but is more commonly found to be between 500mm and 1000mm.

They are found over sandy bottoms near rocks and Coral reefs where they feed on Prawns, Squid, and small fish.

These fish are solitary as adults, but the young do form groups.

They are not a good table fish, they are more sought after by all sport fishermen.

These fish are very strong and dirty fighters, so you want to be sure to use strong, tackle and a leader when targeting them.

The best way to target Giant Kingfish is with Live-bait or Artificial bait that10 PIECE SALTWATER SPOON 30g naturally imitates a live fish, such as a Spoon, Drop-shot or Plug. They do, however, take a good fillet bait aswell.

Bluefin Kingfish / Bluefin Trevally (Caranx Melampygus)

The Bluefin Kingfish is Silver with white towards the belly and Greenish Yellow above the lateral line.

BLUEFIN KINGFISH

It has Light-Blue fins and tail, also many small light-Blue blotches and spots all over its face and body which turn darker above the lateral line. Scutes on the lateral line near the tail are Greenish Yellow. Its entire body is scaled.

The Bluefin Kingfish is known to reach a length of 1200mm but is more commonly found to be between 450mm and 800mm.

They are found over rocks and Coral reefs in deeper water where they feed on small reef fish, mainly during the day.

They are a highly esteemed table fish, although more sought after by the sport fishermen.

The best way to target these fish is by means of Artificial bait, Live bait or fish fillet. They are not too dirty in the fight and therefore can be targeted with light tackle.

Brassy Kingfish / Green Back Trevally (Caranx Papuensis)

The Brassy Kingfish is Silver with Yellowish to white towards the belly and  Yellow to Blue-Green above the lateral line. It has many small Black spots all over the upper half of its face and body. These spots darken with age. The fins and scutes are Dusky-Yellow. Has a Dark spot Top edge of the gill plate.BRASSY KINGFISH

They have no scales on the Chest area or Belly only a small patch of scales in the Pelvic area.

The Brassy Kingfish is known to reach a length of 800mm but is more commonly found to be between 350mm and 650mm.

They are found over sandy bottoms near rocks and Coral reefs where they feed on Prawns, Crabs, Squid, and small fish.5 PIECE SALTWATER JIGS 40-150g

These fish are solitary or in pairs as adults, but the young do form groups and also team up with Big-Eye and Bluefin Kingfish.

These fish will readily take baits and lures. They are an excellent table fish, although more sought after by the sport fishermen.

Big-Eye Kingfish / Dusky Jack (Caranx Sexfasciatus)

The Big-Eye Kingfish is Silver with Silvery-white towards the belly and iridescent  Blue-Green above the lateral line. It has a Dark spot Top edge of the gill plate. The tip of its Anal and Dorsal fins, White. The scutes are Dark-Blackish in color. It has very large eyes.BIG-EYE KINGFISH

Its entire body is scaled.

The Big-Eye Kingfish is known to reach a length of 1200mm but is more commonly found to be between 450mm and 800mm.

They are found over sandy bottoms near rocks and Coral reefs where they feed on small fish. They are shoaling fish by day and hunt solitary or in small groups at night.

These fish will readily take baits and lures at night although they are also encountered occasionally by day.

They are a fairly good table fish, although more sought after by the sport fishermen.

Blue kingfish / Banded Trevally (Carangoides Ferdau)

The Blue Kingfish is Silver with Silvery-white towards the belly, head and body   Blue-Green above the lateral line. It has Dusky bars on its sides with many golden spots on its body above the lateral line.BLUE KINGFISH

The bottom tip of its Anal and tail fin is Blueish-White. Chest area naked of scales, only up to pelvic fin area.

The Blue Kingfish is known to reach a length of 700mm but is more commonly found to be between 300mm and 500mm.

They are found over sandy bottoms near rocks and Coral reefs where they feed62 PIECE ASSORTED FLY’S on Sea lice, Prawns and small fish. They are often encountered in small shoals.

They are not a good table fish, they are more sought after by all sport fishermen.

These fish will readily take baits and lures day and night.

Blacktip Kingfish / Yellowtail Kingfish (Caranx Heberi)

The Blacktip Kingfish is Silver with Silvery-white towards the belly.

BLACKTIP KINGFISH

Yellowing of fins with the upper tip of the tail fin Black.

Chest area naked of scales, only a small patch of scale in the pelvic fin area.

The Blacktip Kingfish is known to reach a length of 1000mm but is more commonly found to be between 500mm and 800mm.

They are found over rocks and Coral reefs in deeper water where they feed on Shrimp, Crabs, Crayfish, Squid and small reef fish.

They are not a good table fish, they are more sought after by all sport fishermen.

These fish will readily take baits and lures day and night.

Yellow-spotted Kingfish / Goldspotted Trevally (Carangoides Fulvoguttatus)

The Yellow-spotted Kingfish is Silver with Silvery-white towards the belly, head and body   Blue-Green above the lateral line. It has 2 to 5 large Black spots on the mid-lateral line with many Yellow spots on its body above the lateral line. Tail fin Yellowish.

YELLOW-SPOTTED KINGFISH

Chest area naked of scales to just past the pelvic fin area.

The Yellow-spotted Kingfish is known to reach a length of 1000mm but is more commonly found to be between 500mm and 800mm.

They are found over rocks and Coral reefs in deeper water where they feed on Shrimp, Crabs, Squid, and small reef fish.

You will target this fish with Live-bait and Artificial bait.

They are good table fish and also an excellent sport fish.70L INTERNAL FRAME HIKING BACKPACK

Golden Kingfish / Golden Jack (Gnathanodon Speciosus)

The Golden Kingfish is a Silvery color with Black blotches on the top half of its face and body with a Black bar vertically across the eyes.

GOLDEN KINGFISH

Face and body below the lateral line are Yellowish. Colors fade with age. Teeth are absent.

The chest area is full-scaled.

The Golden Kingfish is known to reach a length of 1200mm but is more commonly found to be between 450mm and 800mm.

They are found over sandy bottoms near rocks and Coral reefs where they filter-feed on small organisms in the sand.

You will target this fish with Prawns, Shrimps, worms and small Artificial baits.

They are excellent table fish.

Mirrorfish / Indian Threadfin / Diamond Trevally (Alectis Indica)

The Indian Mirrorfish is Kite shaped and has a distinctive protruding forehead with a very steep downward profile toward the mouth.

THREADFIN TREVALLY

It is Silver in color, Greenish above lateral line.

Has a Dark spot Top edge of the gill plate also around the eye area.

The Indian Mirrorfish is completely naked of scales. Anal and Dorsal fins abnormally elongated. Fins reduce in size with age and growth.

The Giant Kingfish is known to reach a length of 1600mm but is more commonly found to be between 400mm and 800mm.HAMMOCK WITH MOSQUITO NET

They are found over sandy bottoms near rocks and occasionally over Coral reefs where they feed on Shrimp, Crabs, Crayfish, Squid and small reef fish.

You will target this fish with Prawns, Shrimps, worms, and Sardine.

They are excellent table fish.

Shad / Elf / Bluefish (Pomatomus Saltatrix)

Shad are Silver in color with Blueish or Greenish color above the lateral line, darkening closer to the fins. The 2 Dorsal fins are separate. It has extremely sharp teeth.TOP ANGLER DR. RIEKERT VAN HEERDEN WITH A BIG SHAD ON PLUG

Shad is known to reach a length of 1200mm but is more commonly found to be between 300mm and 600mm.

Shad, are fierce predators that hunt and eat almost any small fish all most, all of the time. They are one of the best and sought after sport fish amongst all anglers.

Shad feed more aggressively in low light conditions, especially early morning and late afternoon. Shad will seldom be found in off-color water and they prefer Clean, Choppy, Busy water.

Shad are shoaling fish and they feed aggressively in large schools. Shad will be found on the edge of sandbanks and close to rocks and reefs where they feed on smaller fish that use the structure as protection. So wherever there is baitfish, there is bound to be Shad!

Shad can be targeted with Bait and Artificial lures with great success. When in a feeding frenzy they will take just about any bait.

Their favorite bait would be Sardine, Mackeral, Shad fillet and Karenteen fillet. Fillets or whole sardine does very well when fished on a drift or float trace. Your bottom trace should also be fitted with a float in order to keep the bait off the ground. Use a 2/0 or 3/0 hook with a short length of steel trace wire to prevent bite-offs.

They will also take most fillet baits and occasionally Squid.MILITARY TACTICAL FOLDING SHOVEL MULTITOOL

Shad can also be targeted by means of a live-bait. Pinkie and Carenteen being the best choice. Use 3/0 to 6/0 hooks with steel wire.

Shad is an excellent eating fish and is sought after by all fishermen for the table.

Garrick / Leervis (Lichia Amia)

Garrick is Silver in color with Blueish-Grey to Greenish color above the lateral line, darkening closer to the fins. Fins darker towards their extremities.

GARRICK BY TOP ANGLER DYLLAN KLEINGELD

Garrick also has a very distinctive, Black lateral line. It has extremely sharp teeth.

The Garrick is known to reach a length of 2000mm but is more commonly found to be between 800mm and 1400mm.

Garrick, are fierce predators that hunt and eat mainly small fish all most all, of the time. They are one of the best and sought after sport fish amongst all anglers. They are good eating fish and are sought after by most fishermen for the table.

Garrick can be targeted from the backline to near the shore in clean, deep water. They school together in small groups and herd the baitfish while hunting.

They love, Pinkie, Mullet, Karenteen and Shad and all of these are put to good use as live-bait. Garrick will also take any moving bait, therefore Artificials work very well.

Garrick does not like steel bite trace leaders, therefore a fairly strong Mono or fluorocarbon leader should be used. They are not dirty fighters at all although, they do have sharp teeth. They can be caught throughout the day, however, they are a lot more active and feeding in the morning hours. They are not known to feed at night.

Kob / Salmon / Kabeljou (Argyrosomus)
Dusky Kob / Daga Salmon (Argyrosomus Japonicus)

Dusky Kob is Silver in color with Golden-Brown color above the lateral line,OUTDOOR SURVIVAL KIT darkening closer to the fins. Dorsal and tail fin Brownish, becoming darker with age. Pectoral and anal fins White, then turning Grey and finally Grey-Brown with age. Dusky Kob has a distinctive row of bright silver spots along the lateral line.

The Dusky Kob is known to reach a length of 1800mm but is more commonly found to be between 800mm and 1400mm.DUSKY KOB

They are found in estuaries and in the surf zone as well as over sandy bottoms near Reefs, Rocks and any structure such as wrecks, etc. They feed on Shrimp, Squid, and fish. Kob is a shoaling fish and they form Schools and feed in an area for some time before moving on to another location. They are known to enter into deep Estuaries and Harbors in order to spawn and feed.

The Dusky Kob can be targeted using, Octopus tentacle, Whole Sardine, A mixture of Squid and Sardine, Mackerel, Shad fillet or other soft fish fillets. They are normally always found feeding in off-color or Gingerbeer color water.

The best trace for targeting Kob is the running sinker trace with a 5/0 to 8/0 hook. Using, a Cork to keep your bait just above the ground also helps when things are quiet, sometimes the Kob don’t want to take bait from the sand.

Kob will take most live-baits although their favorite would be Razorbelly and mullet. They do not like steel bite traces, therefore a strong Mono or Fluorocarbon leader is recommended.

Kob will also readily take a number of Artificial baits. Kob is an Excellent table fish and it is sought after by most anglers.

Silver Kob (Argyrosomus Inodorus)

Silver Kob is Silver in color with a whitish belly. Silvery head and body becomingPROFESSIONAL MILITARY COMPASS Green-Brown above the lateral line and Bronze closer to Dorsal fin. Silver Kob has a distinctive row of bright silver spots along the lateral line.

The Silver Kob is known to reach a length of 1500mm but is more commonly found to be between 700mm and 1000mm.SILVER KOB

They are found in estuaries and in the surf zone as well as over sandy bottoms near Reefs, Rocks and any structure such as wrecks, etc. They feed on Shrimp, Squid, and fish. Kob is a shoaling fish and they form Schools and feed in an area for some time before moving on to another location. They are known to enter into deep Estuaries and Harbors in order to spawn and feed.

The Silver Kob can be targeted using, Octopus tentacle, Whole Sardine, A mixture of Squid and Sardine, Mackerel, Shad fillet or other soft fish fillets. They are normally always found feeding in off-color or Gingerbeer color water.

The best trace for targeting Kob is the running sinker trace with a 5/0 to 8/0 hook. Using, a Cork to keep your bait just above the ground also helps when things are quiet, sometimes the Kob don’t want to take bait from the sand.

Kob will take most live-baits although their favorite would be Razorbelly and mullet. They do not like steel bite traces, therefore a strong Mono or Fluorocarbon leader is recommended.

Kob will also readily take a number of Artificial baits. Kob is an Excellent table fish and it is sought after by most anglers.

Squaretail Kob (Argyrosomus Thorpei)

Squaretail Kob is Silver in color. Silvery head and body becoming Blue-Coppery above the lateral line and Whitish towards the belly. Fins, Yellow-Grey to Orange-Brown or Reddish. As indicated in the name, its tail is straight from top to bottom.

The Squaretail Kob is known to reach a length of 1200mm but is more commonly found to be between 700mm and 1000mm.SQUARETAIL KOB

They are found in estuaries and in the surf zone as well as over sandy bottoms near Reefs, Rocks and any structure such as wrecks, etc. They feed on Shrimp, Squid, and fish. Kob is a shoaling fish and they form Schools and feed in an area for some time before moving on to another location. They are known to enter into deep Estuaries and Harbors in order to spawn and feed.ROLL UP HIKING AIR MATTRESS FC10

The Squaretail Kob can be targeted using, Octopus tentacle, Whole Sardine, A mixture of Squid and Sardine, Mackerel, Shad fillet or other soft fish fillets. They are normally always found feeding in off-color or Gingerbeer color water.

The best trace for targeting Kob is the running sinker trace with a 5/0 to 8/0 hook. Using, a Cork to keep your bait just above the ground also helps when things are quiet, sometimes the Kob don’t want to take bait from the sand.

Kob will take most live-baits although their favorite would be Razorbelly and mullet. They do not like steel bite traces, therefore a strong Mono or Fluorocarbon leader is recommended.

Kob will also readily take a number of Artificial baits. Kob is an Excellent table fish and it is sought after by most anglers.

Snapper Kob / Snapper Salmon / Tigertooth Croaker (Otolithes Ruber)

Snapper Kob is Silvery-Bronze in color. Coppery to Pearly sheen above the lateral line, darkening towards the fins. Whitish towards the belly.  Fins, Dusky-Yellow. Tail pointed centrally (arrowhead-shaped) It has 3 Needle-sharp teeth in the upper jaw and 2 Needle-sharp teeth in the lower jaw.SNAPPER SALMON

The Snapper Kob is known to reach a length of 500mm, it has no size limit.

The Snapper Kob is found over sandy bottoms near shore and in Sheltered bays, Estuaries, Lakes, and Harbors. They feed mostly on Squid, Shrimp, and Prawn. They will take a Sardine or Mackeral bait.

The Snapper Kob is a shoaling species and is found foraging in large Schools. To target this fish you will use a sliding sinker trace with a 1/0 or 2/0 hook. Sinker as light as possible. Use a mixture of fillet with Shrimp, Prawn or Squid.

The Snapper Kob is an Excellent table fish and it is sought after by most anglers.

They have been known to take artificial baits occasionally.

Rockcod / Grouper (Epinephelus)

Rockcod Can be found over or near rocks and coral reefs, where they feedTACTICAL WALKING, HIKING STICK mainly on, Crustaceans and fish. They are ambush predators, so they normally establish themselves in an area where they can hide, holes, caves, crevices, etc. dashing out to engulf their prey as it passes by.

To target RockCod you will use a fixed sinker, treble swivel trace, and a 2/0 to 4/0 hook. You will need to cast your bait close to rocks or reef. The bait to be used will preferably be fresh fillet or a mixture of fillet and Squid or Fillet and Crayfish, fillet and prawn.

A Flap-bait works well too. Slice a small fish in half leaving the head, on and remove the bone, leaving the two fillets to flap around – Alternately you can fold the two fillets over the head with the flesh on the outside and cotton in place over the head.

A small live fish will also be smashed by a Rockcod when presented nearby.

RockCod is an Excellent eating fish and it is sought after by most anglers for the table.

Peacock Rockcod / Bluespotted Grouper (Cephalopholis Argus)

The Peacock Rockcod has a rounded tail and fins and a very large, mouth. Head and body Brownish with 5 or 6 pale vertical bars on its body behind the Pectoral fin. Its fins and tailfin have a White edged border. It is covered with Black-eyed Blue spots.PEACOCK ROCKCOD

The Peacock Rockcod is known to reach a length of 650mm

Feeds Day and night on Crustaceans and fish.

Coral Rockcod / Coral Grouper (Cephalopholis Miniata)

The Coral Rockcod has a rounded tail and fins and a very large, mouth. Head,  body, and fins Reddish-Orange and covered with Blue spots. Its fins and tailfin have a White edged border.CORAL ROCKCOD

The Coral Rockcod is known to reach a length of 400mm

Feeds during the Day on Crustaceans and fish.

Catface Rockcod / Brownspotted Rockcod (Epinephelus Andersoni)

The Catface Rockcod has a rounded tail and fins and a very large, mouth. Head, body, and fins are Brownish and covered with Dark Brown spots. It has 3 dark stripes running from the eye over the gill plate, hence the name “Catface” Occasionally with 3 or 4 White spots along the base of the Dorsal fin.CATFACE ROCKCOD

The Catface Rockcod is known to reach a length of 870mm

Feeds on Crustaceans and fish.

Orange Spotted Rockcod (Epinephelus Coioides)

The Orange Spotted Rockcod has a rounded tail and fins and a very large, mouth. Head,  body, and fins are Brownish and covered with Orange to Reddish-Brown spots. Spots become less defined and darker with age.ORANGE SPOTTED ROCKCOD

The Orange Spotted Rockcod is known to reach a length of 1000mm

Feeds on Crustaceans and fish.

Malabar Rockcod (Epinephelus Malabaricus)

The Malabar Rockcod has a rounded tail and fins and a very large, mouth.

Head,  body, and fins are Greyish-Brown with 5 Dark vertical bars behind the pectoral fin. Head, body, and tail all covered with Black and White spots. The White spots tend to fade with age.

White and Black blotches also present.MALABAR ROCKCOD

The Malabar Rockcod is known to reach a length of 1200mm

Feeds on Crustaceans, Octopus, and fish.

Yellowbelly Rockcod / Dusky Grouper (Epinephelus Marginatus)

The Yellowbelly Rockcod has a rounded tail and fins and a very large, mouth.8 MAN SOPHISTICATED CABIN TENT

Head,  body is Greyish-Brown above and slightly below the lateral line and the belly is Greenish-Yellow.

Head and body have irregular White, Pale Greenish-Yellow or Silvery-Grey blotches, arranged vertically.

Its fins and tailfin have a White edged border. The dorsal fin has Yellow edging.YELLOWBELLY ROCKCOD

The Yellowbelly Rockcod is known to reach a length of 1200mm

Feeds on Crustaceans, Octopus, and fish.

Greasy Rockcod (Epinephelus Tauvina)

The Greasy Rockcod has a rounded tail and fins and a very large, mouth.GREASY ROCKCOD

The entire head and body is pale Grey to Brown and covered with Orange-Red to Brown spots that have darker centers. Black blotches along the base of the Dorsal fin. 5 faint Black bars vertically above the lateral line. Its fins and tailfin have a White edged border. Its markings are similar to the Orange Spotted Rockcod, except the Orange spots tend to be bigger and brighter here.

The Greasy Rockcod is known to reach a length of 750mm

It feeds mainly on fish.

Flatfish

Flatfish include Stingrays and Sandshark. These are our Summer fish species and are normally targeted this time of the year 3 days after a North Easterly wind. They are most abundant on the North coast and along the Zululand Beaches.

These fish are good eating and used for the table, however, they are most sought after by sport anglers.

Stingrays (Batoidea)

The body of the Stingray forms a flat disc shape with its width (DW) being .9 to 1.5 times its length.

The size of Stingrays is measured by the Disk Width and ranges from 350mm DW to 2100mm DW.

The tail is whip-like and is usually longer than the disc.

The Stingray has no Tail and Dorsal fins. Eyes are on top of the disc and the mouth and gill openings are underneath.MANTA RAY

They have a spine near the base of the tail facing upwards and this highly venomous spine is used for self-defense.

The Stingray can be found over sandy bottoms in Estuaries, Harbors and in the Surf over sandbanks.

They feed on Crustaceans such as Crabs, Sea Lice, Shrimp and Crayfish, Worms, and fish. They are always on the lookout for leftover scraps of fish after a feeding frenzy. They are the vacuum cleaners of the ocean floor!4 MAN DOME TENT WITH CARRY BAG

They are not fussy eaters and will take just about any bait. They can be caught on the baits mentioned above and also with other baits like Sardine, Squid, Mackerel and fish fillet.

Rays are normally solitary individuals but can occur in groups. they are known to bury themselves in the sand, regularly to hide from predators or to hunt.

One would be advised to use heavy tackle when targeting these fish as they are an absolute challenge and they give a good account of themselves, putting up a very strong fight. Use a 3/0 to 8/0 hook.

Brown Whipray / Brown Sharpnose Stingray (Himantura Jenkinsii)

The Brown Stingray is Plain, Yellowish-Brown in color and Greyish at the tail with a distinctive pointy nose and the outer corners of the disc wings are broadly rounded.BROWN WHIPTAIL

It has a Light White Belly, without markings.

The Brown Stingray has 1 to 3 serrated, stinging spines located on top of its tail, approximately 1/4 of the total tail length back from the base. The tail is twice the length of its body.

It can grow up to 1500mm DW

Blue Stingray / Blue Sharpnose Stingray (Dasyatis Chrysonota)

The Blue Stingray is Golden-Brown in color with finger-like, intertwining, Faint-Blue lines and blotches. It has a distinctive pointy nose and the outer corners of the disc wings are broadly rounded.BLUE STINGRAY

It has a Light White Belly, without markings.

The Blue Stingray has 1 to 3 serrated, stinging spines located on top of its tail, approximately 1/4 of the total tail length back from the base. The tail is twice the length of its body.

It can grow up to 750mm DW

Bluespotted Stingray / Bluespotted Maskray (Neotrygon Kuhlii)

The body of the Bluespotted Stingray is rhomboidal in shape and Brownish-green in color with blue spots in varying sizes, lighter in the center with a darker outline. Its snout is very short.BLUESPOTTED STINGRAY

It has a Light White Belly, without markings.

The Bluespotted Stingray has a very long tail accommodating two venomous spines on the base of the tail. 1 spine being half the size of the other. The tail is twice the length of its body.

It can grow up to 470mm DW

Honeycomb Stingray / Reticulate Whipray (Himantura Uarnak)

The Honeycomb Stingray is beige to yellow-brown with numerous closely spaced dark brown to Black spots or reticulations resulting in a Honeycomb-like, pattern.HONEYCOMB STINGRAY

It has a Pale Belly, without markings.

The Honeycomb Stingray has a very long tail, 3–3.5 times the length of its body. The tail has one serrated stinging spine on top, a short distance from the base of the tail.

It can grow up to 2000mm DW

Bluespotted Ribbontail Stingray (Taeniura Lymma)

The Bluespotted Ribbontail Stingray is Yellowish-Brown-Green in color with 2 blue stripes on the tail and it is covered in many striking Neon blue spots of different sizes. In some cases the 2 Blue tail stripes are absent. It has very large Yellow eyes.BLUESPOTTED RIBBONTAIL STINGRAY

It has a White Belly, without markings.

The Bluespotted Ribbontail Stingray has a thick, depressed tail. It is 1.5 times the disc length and has 2 serrated spines well behind the tail base, on the rear half of the tail.

It can grow up to 350mm DW

Diamond Butterfly Stingray / Backwater Butterfly Stingray (Gymnura Natalensis)

The Diamond Butterfly Stingray has a diamond-shaped body that has a larger 

BUTTERFLY STINGRAY

Disk width and a shorter disk length. Its body is Greyish, Brownish or Greenish in color with mottled Dark and Faint Blotches and spots.

It has a Pale Belly, without markings.

It has a short tail. The tail length is equal to half of the disc length.

It has a venomous spine near the rear of its tail.2 MAN DOME TENT WITH CARRY BAG

It can grow up to 2500mm DW

Bull Stingray / Duckbill Stingray (Pteromylaeus Bovinus)

The head and snout of the Bull Stingray resemble the shape of a Duck’s Head and beak. Its body is Brownish with pale Grey-Blue bars running across from wingtip to wingtip. Wingtips pointed and arched backward.DUCKBILL STINGRAY

The Bull Stingray has a long tail, 1.6–1.8 times the length of its body. The tail has 4 short serrated stinging spines on top, at the base.

It can grow up to 1800mm DW

Eagle Stingray (Myliobatis Aquila)

The head and snout of the Eagle Stingray resemble the shape of an Eagles head and beak. Its body is Dark-Brownish to Olive to Greyish-Black with irregular dusky Black and White spots and blotches running across from wingtip to wingtip. Wingtips pointed and arched backward.EAGLE RAY

It has a White Belly, without markings.

The Eagle Stingray has a very long tail, twice the length of its body. The tail is slender, an has 1 large serrated stinging spine on top, at the base.

It can grow up to 1500mm DW

Marbled Torpedo Stingray / Electric Stingray (Torpedo Sinuspersici)

The Marbled Torpedo Stingray has a round-shaped disc and rounded wings. It is a Brownish color with thick cream or white vermiculations and brain-shaped figures or rosettes over the disc, pelvic fins, and tail.MARBLED TORPEDO ELECTRIC STINGRAY 

Its tail is short and stocky, bearing two small, subtriangular dorsal fins, placed very close together, with the second three-quarters of the size of the first.

The pelvic fins are fleshy and partly fused to the disc, while the caudal fin is small and broadly rounded.

The Marbled Torpedo Stingray has an electric defense mechanism whereby it gives a startling shock when molested or to immobilize its prey.

It can grow up to 1300mm DW

Sandshark / Guitar-fish (Rhinobatidae)

Head and body flattened, the rear part of the body is Shark-like. Pointed snout with rounded pectoral fins and small rounded Pelvic fins.

The mouth and Gillslits are on the underside of its body. It has 2 Dorsal fins, one closer to the Pelvic fins and the other closer to the Tail fin.SAWFISH

Sandshark can be found over sandy and muddy bottoms in Estuaries, Harbors and in the Surf over sandbanks. Where they feed on Crustaceans such as Crabs, Sea Lice, Shrimp and Crayfish, Worms, and fish. They are always on the lookout for leftover scraps of fish after a feeding frenzy. They are the vacuum cleaners of the ocean floor!

They are not fussy eaters and will take just about any bait. They can be caught on the baits mentioned above and also with other baits like Sardine, Squid,ANTISHOCK WALKING, HIKING STICK (PAIR) Mackerel and fish fillet.

One would be advised to use heavy tackle when targeting these fish as they are an absolute challenge and they give a good account of themselves, putting up a very strong fight. Use a 1/0 to 8/0 hook.

Lesser guitarfish (Acroteriobatus Annulatus)

The Lesser Guitarfish is Tan, to Dark-Brown in color with Dark spots or Brown and White rings.

It has a Pale Belly, without markings.LESSER GUITARFISH

The mouth and Gillslits are on the underside of its body. It has 2 Dorsal fins, one closer to the Pelvic fins and the other closer to the Tail fin.

Target the Lesser Guitarfish with Crustaceans and other baits like Sardine, Squid, Mackerel and fish fillet and a 1/0 to 4/0 hook.

The Lesser Guitarfish grows to a length of 1400mm

Giant Guitarfish (Rhynchobatus Djiddensis)

The Giant Guitarfish is Dark Olive-Grey to Green-Grey in color with a series of pale White spots running in lines from just behind the eyes to the second Dorsal fin. It has a dark Polygonal mark between the eyes.

It has a Pale Belly, without markings.GIANT GUITARFISH

The mouth and Gillslits are on the underside of its body. It has 2 Dorsal fins, one closer to the Pelvic fins and the other closer to the Tail fin.

Target the Giant Guitarfish with Crustaceans and other baits like Sardine, Squid, Mackerel and fish fillet and a 4/0 to 8/0 hook.

The Giant Guitarfish grows to a length of 3000mm

Sharks (Elasmobranchii)
Anatomy:

There are around 100 known Sharks in South African waters.

We will mention a few of the more commonly targeted species.

Sharks are made up mostly of cartilage which is extremely flexible, helping them to exert less energy thus enhancing their exceptional speed.

A Shark’s body is covered by tiny scales called Denticles. These are so tiny that they do not look like scales at all, the feel of the shark’s skin is rough almost like sandpaper when the hand is pulled towards the head and a smooth leathery

UPPER AND LOWER LOBE SIMILAR SIZE

 feel when pulled towards the tail.

Fast swimming sharks have upper and lower tail (Caudal) fins of approximately the same length which aids them in attaining super high speeds.

LONGER UPPER LOBE

Other Sharks have a longer upper lobe which is designed to help them achieve a cruising ability with a quick turning ability.

Bottom-dwelling sharks have a long upper lobe but a small, almost LONGER UPPER LOBE ALMOST NON EXISTANT LOWER LOBEnon-existent lower lobe, as this species frequents the bottom. This tail structure sacrifices speed and maneuverability.

Sharks generally have 8 fins: 2 Pectoral, 2 Pelvic, 2 Dorsal, 1 Anal and 1 Caudal.

Most Sharks have 5 pairs of gill slits, a few have 6 or 7 pairs.

SHARK ANATOMY

Teeth:

Although a sharks mouth is located on the underside of its body, it is capable of opening its mouth extremely wide and protruding its jaws forward in order to easily take a chunk out of its prey. It also at times turns upside down while feeding.

More often than not it attacks from the bottom up. This is why most divers will tell you that they go down to the sea-bed as opposed to heading for the surface when threatened by a shark.

TRIANGULAR TOOTH

Shark teeth are absolutely amazing as they are continuously replaced by new growth when damaged or lost.

They are in layered rows and as one is lost, the next one simply moves forward to take its place. Their teeth are recorded as being replaced about every 2 weeks.

COCKSCOMB-SHAPED TOOTH

Sharks are fairly easily identified by their teeth or bite marks as various species have different teeth with different functions.

Broad triangular and cockscomb-shaped teeth are designed for cutting and are used for feeding on large prey. Great White and Tiger shark for example.

Long, slender sharp pointed teeth are designed for ripping or tearing. Ragged-tooth shark.

LONG SLENDER TOOTH

Blunt Molar type teeth for crushing. Hound sharks for example.

Sharks have a super sense of eye-sight, smell, and hearing. They are able to detect vibrations and movements of their prey from great distances.

Sharks have large eyes with a movable eyeball.

BLUNT MOLAR TYPE TEETH

Smaller sharks tend to hunt in groups and use the pack technique to round up their prey when feeding.

Fishing:

Shark meat is good eating when prepared properly and it makes excellent biltong. It is however not often sought after for the table, but rather a sportfish by most anglers. It is a fierce fighter and gives an excellent account of itself when hooked by the fisherman.

A shark will take almost any large meaty bait, and fishermen normally cast a large bait into deep water or paddle a bait out into deep water.

CANON EOS-REBEL T6 DSLR CAMERA BUNDLE

Fishermen used kites to get large baits far out, however getting a large bait out has become a lot easier with the development of technology. With drone technology, it has become very easy to drop a large bait into the perfect spot when targeting big fish and shark.

You will need extra heavy tackle when targeting shark. A good strong 4m to 4.5M fishing rod with good backbone and stopping power and a reel with a very good drag system and a large line capacity.

A leader is of great importance, it should be of a higher breaking strain of the line on your reel and the length of your fishing rod plus a few turns on the reel.

When targeting this toothy critter it is very important to use a steel wire bite trace.

A sliding sinker trace is normally the best choice. Use a large dead or live-bait. A size 10/0 to a size 12/0 is the recommended hook size for targeting shark.

Chumming an area in a rip with sardine every now and then can be useful for attracting sharks and putting them into a feeding frenzy.

Be very careful not to get any limbs too close to the sharp end of the shark when landing, unhooking,  photographing or releasing it.

Milk Shark / Sharp-Nosed Shark (Rhizoprionodon Acutus)

The Milk shark has a slender body and a long pointed snout with large round eyes. The nostrils are small with triangular skin flaps.

It has long furrows at the corners of its mouth with 7 to 15 large pores just above them.MILK SHARK

The Milk shark is Bronze to Greyish with the upper tail lobe tips and the first Dorsal fin edge is Dusky in color. The upper lobe of the Caudal fin has a ventral notch near the tip.

It attains an average length of 1100mm

Found in the Surf, Harbours, Rivers, Estuaries, and Lagoons.

The Milk shark has to be the most commonly caught species of shark and is often regarded as a pest by anglers targeting other fish and shark species.

They will take just about any bait on offer from Sardine, Squid, Crayfish, Prawn and fish fillet as well as live-baits.

They make good live-bait for targeting larger sharks.

Dusky Shark / Grey Shark (Carcharhinus Obscurus)

The Dusky Shark has a slender, streamlined body with a broad, rounded snout and medium-sized round eyes. The nostrils have poorly developed skin flaps.

It has short furrows at the corners of its mouth. The upper teeth are broadly triangular and serrated. The lower teeth are narrow, more pointed with finer serrations.DUSKY SHARK

The Dusky Shark has distinctly sickle-shaped first Dorsal and Pectoral fins. The leading edge of the Dorsal fin is directly above the rear of the Pectoral fins.

The Dusky Shark is Bronzy to Bluish-gray in color. The fins tend to darken towards the tips.

It attains an average length of 4200mm

Smaller Sharks found in the Surf, Harbours, Rivers, Estuaries, and Lagoons. The larger ones prefer deep clear water.

They will take just about any bait on offer from Sardine, Squid, Crayfish, Prawn and fish fillet as well as live-baits.

Blacktip Shark (Carcharhinus limbatus)

The Blacktip Shark has a stout, streamlined body with a pointed snout and small-sized round eyes.BLACKTIP SHARK

The upper teeth are broad-based and narrowly pointed, triangular and serrated. The lower teeth are slightly more pointed with finer serrations.

The Blacktip Shark has distinctly sickle-shaped first Dorsal and Pectoral fins. The Pectoral fins are pointed.

The Blacktip Shark is Gray to Brownish in color with a Whitish stripe running horizontally from head to tail. Most of the fins tend to be distinctly Black towards the tips.

It attains an average length of 2800mm

These sharks are capable of extremely high speeds and tend to leap from the water during a feeding frenzy where the shark swims in a corkscrew twisting motion through a school of fish while feeding.

They are known to hunt in groups, using the pack technique to round up the school of fish ready for the feast.

Blacktip Sharks will feed on Crayfish, Whole Squid, Fish heads and fillets as well as Live-baits.

They will be found near River mouths although they do prefer deep, clear water.

Copper Shark / Bronze Whaler / Bronzy (Carcharhinus Brachyurus)

The Copper Shark has a slender, streamlined body with a long pointed snout and moderately large eyes.COPPER SHARK

The mouth has short, subtle furrows at the corners.

The teeth are long, pointed, narrow, curved, and finely serrated.

The Copper Shark has large pointed distinctly sickle-shaped Pectoral fins. The first Dorsal fin is tall and pointed. The second Dorsal fin is small and low and is positioned directly opposite the Anal fin.

The caudal fin has a well-developed lower lobe and a deep ventral notch near the tip of the long upper lobe.

The Copper Shark is Bronze to Olive-Gray in color with a metallic sheen. Sometimes showing a pinkish color Dorsally, darkening towards the fin tips and margins.SAKURA DAY NIGHT VISION RUBBERISED BINOCULAR

It attains an average length of 2900mm

Copper sharks are found in the Surf, Harbours, Rivers, Estuaries, and Lagoons.

They will feed on Crayfish, Whole Squid, Fish heads and fillets as well as Live-baits.

Smooth Hammerhead Shark (Sphyrna zygaena)

The Smooth Hammerhead Shark has a streamlined body with a head that is flattened and laterally extended into a hammer shape (“Cephalofoil”).

The Smooth Hammerhead Shark has a curved Cephalofoil front margin. Unlike other Hammerheads, it has no indentation at the center front margin of its Cephalofoil.HAMMER HEAD SHARK

The nostrils are located near the ends of the cephalofoil, with long grooves running towards the center. The eyes are also on the ends of the Cephalofoil.

The teeth are triangular, long, pointed, narrow, curved, and finely serrated.

The Hammerhead Shark has a moderately tall sickle-shaped first Dorsal fin with a rounded tip. The Pectoral fins are more straight and not at all sickle-shaped.

The anal fin is larger than the second dorsal fin, with long free rear tip and a strong notch in the rear margin

The caudal fin has a well-developed lower lobe and a long notched upper lobe.

The Smooth Hammerhead Shark is Dark Brownish Gray to Olive in color becoming lighter on the flanks. Sometimes the pectoral fins have dark edges underneath.

It attains an average length of 3500mm

Small Hammerhead Sharks have got to be at the top of the list as scavengers, and they will take just about any bait on offer. They can be an absolute pest for anglers targeting other species.

The bigger Hammerheads will feed mostly on fish, small Sharks, and Rays.

They are mostly solitary or in pairs, but do congregate in their 100’s or 1000’s in order to migrate.

Zambezi Shark / Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas)

The Zambezi Shark has a large, stout body with a short, broad blunt snout and large eyes.ZAMBESI SHARK

The upper teeth are broad-based and pointed, broadly triangular and serrated. The lower teeth are slightly more pointed with finer serrations.

The Zambezi Shark has long, narrow pointed Pectoral fins. The first Dorsal fin is twice as tall as the second Dorsal fin and is acutely pointed.

The caudal fin has a well-developed lower lobe and a very long upper lobe with a low angle. The edges of most of the fins tend to be a Dusky color and fade to grey with age.

The Zambezi Shark is Gray in color.

It attains an average length of 3500mm

Zambezi sharks are found in the Surf, Harbours, Rivers, Estuaries, and Lagoons.

They are a solitary hunter, though they may briefly pair with another bull shark to make hunting and tricking prey easier. They like to hunt in murky waters where it is harder for the prey to see the shark coming.

The Zambezi Sharks diet consists mainly of bony fish and small sharks, including other bull sharks, turtles, birds, dolphins, and terrestrial mammals.

Spotted Ragged-Tooth Shark / Sand Tiger Shark / Grey Nurse Shark (Odontaspis taurus)

The Sand Tiger Shark has a bulky body with a sharp pointy head and small eyes.

The snout is flattish and cone-shaped.

Their teeth are long, smooth-edged and sharp-pointed. They are also curved backward.SPOTTED RAGGED-TOOTH SHARK

The first Dorsal fin is closer to the Pelvic fin than to the Pectoral fins. It is also angled backward and rounded at the point. It is also about the same size as the second Dorsal fin.

The caudal fin has a very small lower lobe and a fairly long upper lobe with a low angle.

The Sand Tiger Shark is Gray-Brown in color with scattered Reddish-Brown spots mostly on the rear part of their body, more prominent in males.

It attains an average length of 3200mm

Sand Tiger Sharks are found over Sandy coastal waters, Estuaries, Shallow bays, and Rocky or Tropical reefs.SWELLPRO SPLASH FISHING DRONE 3+PL2

They are Nocturnal and feed mostly at night. They do occasionally get together in Groups to prey on large schools of fish.

Their main diet is confined to the sandy bottoms, consisting of mostly fish, rays and small Sharks.

Hound Sharks / Dogfish (Triakidae)

There are about 40 different species of Houndshark.

The Hound Shark is long and slender in build. It has two large, spineless dorsal fins, an anal fin, and oval eyes.HOUNDSHARK

The Hound sharks Caudal fin has a long upper lobe but a small, almost non-existent lower lobe, as this species frequents the bottom. This tail structure sacrifices speed and maneuverability.

Hound sharks are generally Grey in color and can have scattered dark spots or blotches.

It attains an average length of 1800mm

They are found in warm temperate waters where they feed on fish and invertebrates on the seabed and in midwater.

Their teeth, both bottom, and top are Molarform.

Catshark (Scyliorhinidae)

There are about 160 different species of Catshark.

Catsharks may be distinguished by their small elongated, cat-like eyes and two small dorsal fins set far back.CATSHARK

The markings can vary from one species to another, resulting in Spots, Stripes, Blotches, and Patches.

It attains an average length of 1600mm

They are found in warm temperate waters where they feed on fish and invertebrates on the seabed and in midwater.

They are Nocturnal and feed mostly at night.

 


“PLEASE remember to practice Catch & Release!” in order to preserve our fish stocks!


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